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The back was almost totally off the 1890s "University of Michigan" parlor guitar.  All of the back braces were loose (only at the ends, not in the middle,) so I took the back off to fix the braces.  Under the braces, the Brazilian rosewood is scored with multiple fine lines.  These line run across the grain of the rosewood, and in the same direction as the braces.

My dad, an accomplished woodworker referred to this as giving the glue joint "tooth."  The original makers of the guitar must have thought that there was some benefit to this practice, or they wouldn't have taken the time and trouble to do it.

On the other hand, all the back braces were loose.  Or perhaps they would have been entirely off without the tooth.

Anybody still doing this? Any ideas?

George

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I see these grooves on most of the old Washburns and some Regals that I take apart.. on the rosewood back under braces and the underside of the bridges. Tom

Paul, what a great tool/tip! Thanks for posting this..

 

When I've come across scratching/grooving on old ebony bridges and rosewood backs I assumed it was because they are oily woods which provided poor bonding surface. I usually swipe rosewood or ebony with a bit of acetone on a rag to get a good bond, so toothing isn't really necessary.
Toothing and using a solvent to remove extractives/contamination are two entirely different things: cleaning with acetone or similar conditions the wood for a good wetting action for the glue which allows both the adhesive bond and mechanical bond to be optimized.  This is entirely different from "toothing" which facilitates a better mechanical bond than would otherwize be gained.    Toothed wood should be cleaned just the same as planed wood.  R.

Thanks to everyone for all the input.

I have always added tooth to the backs of ebony bridges using a sharp rasp in the same direction as the grain.  Never even considered doing it to a spruce top.

As a dyed in the wool traditionalist, I'll probably continue the same with the ebony bridges, hoping that Paul is right and that "those old guys were on to something."

George

I've heard it said that "toothing" the surfaces helps in keeping the parts in alignment as the clamping pressure is applied.  That may be why we see those marks on old glue joints where alignment is critical and no fixturing was used.  The most stressed joints of  a guitar, for example, are the center joints of the top and back, and you never hear talk about roughing them.  Additionally, there aren't toothing marks on other joints, such as neck and end blocks.

 

An interesting observation, Frank. I've never heard it posited that toothing has nothing to do with the strength of the joint, but rather maintaining alignment of the parts while clamps are applied. That would explain why some joints were routinely toothed while most were not.

Frank, FWIW, the University of Michigan guitar has the back scored with tooth marks under both the neck and tail blocks, and even under the kerfing.   May be just another instance of "If a little is good, more is better."

George

Sorry to intentionally bump a dying thread, but I found this instruction sheet from StewMac that came with my set of "toothing irons" purchased maybe in the late-90's or so.  

Interesting that they no longer sell them, perhaps for the reasons that we've agreed-upon here? Anyway, just for yuks...

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